Purpose and objectives: Given their role in homing immune cells to the intestine, CC motif chemokine receptor 9 (CCR9) and its specific ligand CC motif chemokine ligand 25 (CCL25) are interesting candidate genes for celiac disease. These genes are located in regions previously shown to be associated with or linked to celiac disease, but no investigations on their association with various celiac disease phenotypes have so far been conducted. Here we studied such associations of both genotyped and imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with either regulatory function or exonic location of the CCR9 and CCL25 loci.
Results: Exploiting a carefully phenotyped cohort of 625 celiac disease patients and 1817 non-celiac controls, we identified that multiple SNPs with predicted regulatory function (RegulomeDB score ≤3a and/or eQTL effect) located between 100 kB upstream and downstream of CCR9 and CCL25 are associated with celiac disease and/or selected phenotypes. Of the genotyped SNPs in the CCR9 loci, rs213360 with an eQTL effect on CCR9 expression in blood was associated with celiac disease and all investigated phenotypes except high HLA risk. Rs1545985 with an eQTL on CCR9 expression and rs7652331 and rs12493471, both with RegulomeDB score ≤3a, were all associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and malabsorption and the latter additionally with anemia. The genotyped CCL25 SNPs rs952444 and rs882951, with RegulomeDB scores 1d and 1f respectively and eQTL effect on CCL25 expression in small intestine, were associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and malabsorption. The CCL25 SNP rs2303165 identified in sequencing followed by imputation was associated with partial villous atrophy. However, the association did not pass the permutation based multiple testing correction (PEMP2 > 0.05).
Conclusions: We conclude that SNPs in the region of CCR9 and CCL25 with predicted functional effect or exonic localization likely contribute only modestly to various celiac disease phenotypes.
|Journal of translational autoimmunity
|DOI - pysyväislinkit
|Julkaistu - 2021
|A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
- Jufo-taso 1