Introduction: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that decrease in early life infections due to increased societal-level hygiene standards subjects one to allergic and autoimmune diseases. In this report, we have studied the effect of sterilized forest soil and plant-based material on mouse immune system and gut microbiome. Methods: Inbred C57Bl/6 mice maintained in normal sterile environment were subjected to autoclaved forest soil-derived powder in their bedding for 1 h a day for 3 weeks. Immune response was measured by immune cell flow cytometry, serum cytokine enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis. Furthermore, the mouse gut microbiome was analyzed by sequencing. Results: When compared to control mice, mice treated with soil-derived powder had decreased level of pro-inflammatory cytokines namely interleukin (IL)−17F and IL-21 in the serum. Furthermore, splenocytes from mice treated with soil-derived powder expressed less IL-1b, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) upon cell activation. Gut microbiome appeared to be stabilized by the treatment. Conclusions: These results provide insights on the effect of biodiversity on murine immune system in sterile environment. Subjecting mice to soil-based plant and microbe structures appears to elicit immune response that could be beneficial, for example, in type 2 inflammation-related diseases, that is, allergic diseases.
|Immunity, Inflammation And Disease
|DOI - pysyväislinkit
|Julkaistu - 6 jouluk. 2021
|A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä