Effects of technology-based interventions on dietary intake or anthropometrics among adolescents and adults in South Asia – A systematic review of intervention studies

Arundhati Char, Pramila Gaudel, Sangita Kulathinal, Tarja I. Kinnunen

Tutkimustuotos: Katsausartikkelivertaisarvioitu

1 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Introduction: Mobile technology has been increasingly used as part of dietary interventions, but the effects of such interventions have not been systematically evaluated in the South Asian context. The systematic review aimed to determine the effects of technology-based interventions on dietary intake or anthropometrics among adolescents and adults in South Asia. Methods: Five electronic databases were searched (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Global Health Library and Health Technology Assessment). Studies published in English between 1st January 2011 and 31st December 2021were included. Interventions that evaluated the effects of dietary interventions using technology on dietary outcomes and anthropometrics in adolescents or adults in the age group of 13–44 years (or a broader age group) from South Asia were eligible for inclusion. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk-of-bias 2 tool and ROBINS-I tool. A narrative synthesis was conducted. Results: Twenty-one studies met the inclusion criteria (20,667 participants). Eleven of the 17 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) had a high overall risk of bias. The four non-randomised intervention studies had a serious or critical overall risk of bias. When including studies with low risk or some concern for bias, the interventions had a beneficial effect on at least one dietary outcome in four of the six RCTs that measured changes in diet, and no effect on the anthropometric outcomes in the six RCTs that measured changes in anthropometric outcomes. Discussion: Technology-based dietary interventions have had some positive effects on dietary intake, but no effects on anthropometry in South Asia. More evidence is needed as the overall risk of bias was high in a majority of the studies.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut181-196
Sivumäärä16
JulkaisuOBESITY RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE
Vuosikerta16
Numero3
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2022
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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