Exhaust particle number and composition for diesel and gasoline passenger cars under transient driving conditions: Real-world emissions down to 1.5 nm

Topi Rönkkö, Liisa Pirjola, Panu Karjalainen, Pauli Simonen, Kimmo Teinilä, Matthew Bloss, Laura Salo, Arindam Datta, Banwari Lal, Rakesh K. Hooda, Sanna Saarikoski, Hilkka Timonen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

3 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
5 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Recent recommendations given by WHO include systematic measurements of ambient particle number concentration and black carbon (BC) concentrations. In India and several other highly polluted areas, the air quality problems are severe and the need for air quality related information is urgent. This study focuses on particle number emissions and BC emissions of passenger cars that are technologically relevant from an Indian perspective. Particle number and BC were investigated under real-world conditions for driving cycles typical for Indian urban environments. Two mobile laboratories and advanced aerosol and trace gas instrumentation were utilized. Our study shows that passenger cars without exhaust particle filtration can emit in real-world conditions large number of particles, and especially at deceleration a significant fraction of particle number can be even in 1.5–10 nm particle sizes. The mass concentration of exhaust plume particles was dominated by BC that was emitted especially at acceleration conditions. However, exhaust particles contained also organic compounds, indicating the roles of engine oil and fuel in exhaust particle formation. In general, our study was motivated by serious Indian air quality problems, by the recognized lack of emission information related to Indian traffic, and by the recent WHO air quality guidance; our results emphasize the importance of monitoring particle number concentrations and BC also in Indian urban areas and especially in traffic environments where people can be significantly exposed to fresh exhaust emissions.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli122645
JulkaisuEnvironmental Pollution
Vuosikerta338
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä28 syysk. 2023
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 jouluk. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 2

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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