Family Characteristics, Transgender Identity and Emotional Symptoms in Adolescence: A Population Survey Study

Riittakerttu Kaltiala, Elias Heino, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

10 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Sociodemographic and psychosocial family factors have profound implications for adolescent development, identity formation and mental health during the adolescent years. We explored the associations of sociodemographic and psychosocial family factors with transgender identity in adolescence and the role of these factors in the associations between gender identity and emotional disorders. Data from a large adolescent population survey from Finland were analysed using logistic regression models. Reporting transgender identity was associated with mother’s low level of education, accumulating family life events, lack of family cohesion, perceived lack of family economic resources and female sex. A lack of family cohesion further differentiated between adolescents reporting identifying with the opposite sex and those reporting non-binary/other gender identification. The associations between transgender identity, depression and anxiety were attenuated but did not level out when family factors were controlled for. Transgender identity in adolescence is associated with socioeconomic and psychosocial family factors that are known correlates of negative outcomes in mental health and psychosocial well-being. However, transgender identification is also associated with emotional disorders independent of these family factors.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli2948
Sivumäärä13
JulkaisuInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Vuosikerta20
Numero4
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - helmik. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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