An association between genetic variants in the genes HFE, HJV, BMP4 and arterial hypertension has been shown earlier. Proteins encoded by these genes participate in the signalling routes leading eventually to the production of the peptide hormone hepcidin. Mutations in these genes have been associated with the abnormal production of hepcidin in the body. This finding led to studies exploring the possible role of hepcidin in regulating the activity of blood pressure related renin-angiotensin system enzymes. We used molecular modelling to find out if it is possible for hepcidin to bind to the active site of the renin-angiotensin system enzymes, especially renin. Fluorometric assays were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of hepcidin on renin as well as angiotensin converting enzymes 1 and 2. Finally, bio-layer interferometry technique was used to study hepcidin binding to renin. The molecular modelling showed that hepcidin seems to have similar binding properties to the renin active site as angiotensinogen does. Based on fluorometric enzyme activity assay, hepcidin has an inhibitory effect on renin in vitro, too. However, angiotensin converting enzymes 1 and 2 were not inhibited remarkably by hepcidin-25. In bio-layer interferometry analysis hepcidin-renin binding was concentration dependent. Our results suggest that hepcidin could act as an inhibitor to the renin. Nowadays, there is no known biological inhibitor for renin in vivo and our finding may thus have important clinical implications.
- Jufo-taso 1
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