High tumor mutation burden predicts favorable outcome among patients with aggressive histological subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma: A population-based single-institution study

Eva Maria Talvitie, Heikki Vilhonen, Samu Kurki, Antti Karlsson, Katri Orte, Alhadi Almangush, Hesham Mohamed, Lassi Liljeroos, Yajuvinder Singh, Ilmo Leivo, Tarja Laitinen, Markku Kallajoki, Pekka Taimen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

2 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

Abstrakti

Objectives: Tumor mutation burden (TMB) is an emerging predictive cancer biomarker. Few studies have addressed the prognostic role of TMB in non-small cell lung carcinoma, with conflicting results. Moreover, the association of TMB with different histological subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma has hitherto not been systematically evaluated. Here we studied the prognostic value of TMB and its distribution in different histological subtypes of lung adenocarcinomas in a retrospective cohort using the most recent updated classification guidelines. Materials and methods: 176 surgically resected stage I–IV lung adenocarcinomas were histologically reclassified according to WHO 2015 guidelines. A modified classification subdividing the acinar subtype into classic acinar, complex glandular and cribriform subtypes was further applied and potentially prognostic histopathological characteristics such as tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were evaluated. 148 patients with stage I–III tumors and complete follow-up data were included in the survival analyses. TMB was determined by a commercial next generation sequencing panel from 131 tumors, out of which 105 had survival data available. Results: Predominant micropapillary, solid and complex glandular as well as nonpredominant cribriform histological subtypes were associated with significantly shorter survival. High TMB concentrated in micropapillary, solid and acinar predominant subtypes. Interestingly, TMB ≥ 14 mutations/MB conferred a stage- and histology-independent survival benefit compared to TMB < 14 in multivariable analysis for overall (HR 0.284, 95% CI 0.14–0.59, P=0.001) and disease-specific survival (HR 0.213, 95% CI 0.08–0.56, P=0.002). Conclusion: TMB was an independent biomarker of favorable prognosis in our cohort of lung adenocarcinoma despite being associated with predominant histological subtypes considered aggressive.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut333-342
Sivumäärä10
JulkaisuNeoplasia (United States)
Vuosikerta22
Numero9
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - syysk. 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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