Impact of the first response unit on prehospital on-scene time among paramedic-suspected stroke patients: a retrospective before–after cohort study in Finland

Verna K.E. Vaajanen, Pauli E.T. Vuorinen, Piritta A. Setälä, Reija Autio, Sanna E. Hoppu

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

3 Lataukset (Pure)


Background: Revascularization of an occluded artery by either thrombolysis or mechanical thrombectomy is a time-critical intervention in ischaemic stroke. Each link in the stroke chain of survival should minimize the delay to definitive treatment in every possible way. In this study, we investigated the effect of routine dispatch of a first response unit (FRU) on prehospital on-scene time (OST) on stroke missions. Methods: Medical dispatch of FRU together with an emergency medical service (EMS) ambulance was a routine strategy in the Tampere University Hospital area before 3 October 2018, after which the FRU has only been dispatched to medical emergencies on the decision of an EMS field commander. This study presents a retrospective before–after analysis of 2,228 paramedic-suspected strokes transported by EMSs to Tampere University Hospital. We collected data from EMS medical records from April 2016 to March 2021, and used statistical tests and binary logistic regression to detect the associations between the variables and the shorter and longer half of OSTs. Results: The median OST of stroke missions was 19 min, IQR [14–25] min. The OST decreased when the routine use of the FRU was discontinued (19 [14–26] min vs. 18 [13–24] min, p < 0.001). The median OST with the FRU being the first at the scene (n = 256, 11%) was shorter than in cases where the FRU arrived after the ambulance (16 [12–22] min vs. 19 [15–25] min, p < 0.001). The OST with a stroke dispatch code was shorter than with non-stroke dispatches (18 [13–23] min vs. 22 [15–30] min, p < 0.001). The OST for thrombectomy candidates was shorter than that for thrombolysis candidates (18 [13–23] min vs. 19 [14–25], p = 0.01). The shorter half of OSTs were associated with the FRU arriving first at the scene, stroke dispatch code, thrombectomy transportation and urban location. Conclusion: The routine dispatch of the FRU to stroke missions did not decrease the OST unless the FRU was first to arrive at the scene. In addition, a correct stroke identification in the dispatch centre and thrombectomy candidate status decreased the OST.

JulkaisuScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - kesäk. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä


  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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