Impacts of Phosphorous Source on Organic Acid Production and Heterotrophic Bioleaching of Rare Earth Elements and Base Metals from Spent Nickel-Metal-Hydride Batteries

Payam Rasoulnia, Robert Barthen, Kati Valtonen, Aino-Maija Lakaniemi

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

19 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
19 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

This study investigated heterotrophic bioleaching of rare earth elements (REEs) and base metals from spent nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH) batteries. Furthermore, the impacts of phosphorous source [Ca3(PO4)2, KH2PO4 and K2HPO4] and its concentration on organic acid production by Gluconobacter oxydans and Streptomyces pilosus were evaluated. Phosphorous source affected microbial acid production and metal leaching. Among the studied phosphorous sources, use of K2HPO4 resulted in highest organic acid production by both bacteria. Increasing K2HPO4 concentration from 2.7 to 27 mM enhanced pyruvic acid production by S. pilosus from 2.2 to 10.7 mM. However, no metal was leached from the spent NiMH batteries with S. pilosus using either one-step, two-step or spent-medium bioleaching. With G. oxydans, highest gluconic acid concentration of 45.0 mM was produced at the lowest K2HPO4 concentration of 2.7 mM. When using two-step bioleaching with G. oxydans, higher leaching efficiencies were obtained for base metals (88.0% vs. 68.0% Fe, 41.5% vs. 35.5% Co, 18.5% vs 16.5% Ni), while more REEs were leached using spent-medium bioleaching (9.0% vs. 6.0% total REEs). With both bioleaching methods, base metals leaching was faster than that of REEs. Surplus of phosphorous should be avoided in bioleaching cultures as precipitation especially with REEs is possible. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut5545–5559
Sivumäärä15
JulkaisuWaste and Biomass Valorization
Vuosikerta12
Numero10
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Sormenjälki

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