Inhibition of RNA Binding in SND1 Increases the Levels of miR-1-3p and Sensitizes Cancer Cells to Navitoclax

Saara Lehmusvaara, Teemu Haikarainen, Juha Saarikettu, Guillermo Martinez Nieto, Olli Silvennoinen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

SND1 is an RNA-binding protein overexpressed in large variety of cancers. SND1 has been proposed to enhance stress tolerance in cancer cells, but the molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. We analyzed the expression of 372 miRNAs in the colon carcinoma cell line and show that SND1 silencing increases the expression levels of several tumor suppressor miRNAs. Furthermore, SND1 knockdown showed synergetic effects with cancer drugs through MEK-ERK and Bcl-2 family-related apoptotic pathways. To explore whether the SND1-mediated RNA bind-ing/degradation is responsible for the observed effect, we developed a screening assay to identify small molecules that inhibit the RNA-binding function of SND1. The screen identified P2X purinoreceptor antagonists as the most potent inhibitors. Validation confirmed that the best hit, suramin, inhibits the RNA binding ability of SND1. The binding characteristics and mode of suramin to SND1 were characterized biophysically and by molecular docking that identified positively charged binding cavities in Staphylococcus nuclease domains. Importantly, suramin-mediated inhibition of RNA binding increased the expression of miR-1-3p, and enhanced sensitivity of cancer cells to Bcl-2 inhibitor navitoclax treatment. Taken together, we demonstrate as proof-of-concept a mechanism and an inhibitor compound for SND1 regulation of the survival of cancer cells through tumor suppressor miRNAs.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli3100
Sivumäärä17
JulkaisuCancers
Vuosikerta14
Numero13
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - kesäk. 2022
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Sormenjälki

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