INSURE - Information Security of Location Estimation and Navigation Applications: (poster presentation)

Laura Eskelinen, Heidi Kuusniemi, Päivi Korpisaari, Kimmo Järvinen, Elena-Simona Lohan, Marja Helena Leppäkoski

    Tutkimustuotos: PosteriScientific


    Positioning and navigation technologies include
    satellite-based systems, i.e. Global Navigation Satellite Systems
    (GNSS), as well as non-GNSS techniques for determining the
    position of a person or an object of interest. Localization solutions
    on mobile devices are becoming a reality and they will open the
    gate towards the future personalized Location Based Services
    and towards enhanced public safety solutions. Many navigation
    systems are also capable of providing precision timing. Such
    systems are increasingly being used in safety- and/or security-
    critical applications such as aviation, autonomous vehicles, and
    emergency services, as well as synchronization within communi-
    cation systems, financial infrastructures, power grids, etc. This
    makes navigation technologies not only an obvious target for
    malicious attacks but also a critical point-of-failure in case of
    unintentional disruption. The growth in vulnerabilities has far
    outpaced the spread in public and authorities awareness, as well
    as development of mitigation techniques. In short, the security
    and privacy aspects of positioning and timing technologies have
    been scarcely addressed. Secure positioning solutions involve not
    only the physical layer, where robust and trustable solutions need
    to be devised under a variety of scenarios (such as intentional
    attacks, unintentional interferences due to spectrum crowdedness,
    deteriorations and false entries in the location databases), but
    also the upper layers where security protocols for positioning
    need to be designed and algorithms to validate the anonymous
    reputation and to determine the trust level of the players involved
    in the localization flow are needed. Our INSURE project, to be
    presented as a poster, is to to create (1) beyond state-of-the-art
    knowledge for improving robustness of GNSS receivers against

    jamming and spoofing, (2) advanced methods for improving
    user privacy and information security in non-GNSS positioning,
    and (3) legislative solutions in terms of policy and regulatory
    recommendations for improving the privacy of end-user data
    exchanged in location-based services. This project integrates the
    expertise of four research groups within Finland, resulting in
    a transdisciplinary consortium. The combined expertise areas
    include positioning and navigation technologies, sensor fusion,
    statistical analysis, communication and automation engineering,
    cryptography, and information law. The core partners in the
    consortium are the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute, Tam-
    pere University of Technology (two departments involved), and
    University of Helsinki, supported by a number of complementary
    collaborators and industry partners from the EU and the USA,
    each at the leading edge of research in their respective technology
    domains. The project, meant for two years, started on 1st of
    September 2016. The successful implementation of the project is
    expected to positively impact novel technology and algorithm de-
    velopment, its commercialization potential, its influence on future
    regulations, and its significance in shaping the public perception
    about secure, privacy-strengthened, and robust location-based
    applications and services. This research work will complement
    Finlands existing position as a front-runner in location-based
    ecosystems. The poster will present the project structure, the
    project main assumptions and a three-layer localization model
    which is the basis of our studies. It is expected that its research
    topics will attract the attention of the conference audience for
    future potential collaborations and interractions
    TilaJulkaisematon - 2016
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiEi OKM-tyyppiä


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