Maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy: Adaptive functioning and psychiatric and psychological problems of the older offspring

S. Tuovinen, T. Aalto-Viljakainen, J. G. Eriksson, E. Kajantie, J. Lahti, A. K. Pesonen, K. Heinonen, M. Lahti, C. Osmond, D. J.P. Barker, K. Räikkönen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

37 Sitaatiot (Scopus)


Objective: To study whether pre-eclampsia and hypertension without proteinuria during pregnancy are associated with adaptive functioning, and psychiatric and psychological problems, of older offspring.

Design: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study.

Setting: Participants in the Helsinki Birth Cohort 1934-44 Study.

Population: A cohort of 778 participants born after normotensive, pre-eclamptic, or hypertensive pregnancies, defined based on the mother's blood pressure and urinary protein measurements at maternity clinics and birth hospitals.

Methods: Pearson's chi-squared tests and multivariable logistic regression.

Main: outcome measures Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment Older Adult Self-Report scores, completed at age 69.3 years (SD 3.1 years).

Results: Compared with offspring born after normotensive pregnancies, offspring born after pre-eclamptic pregnancies had increased odds of reporting total problems (aOR 4.00, 95% CI 1.64-9.77) and problems of particular concern to clinicians (critical items; aOR 5.28, 95%CI 1.87-14.96), as well as: anxious/depressed, functional impairment, memory, thought, and irritable/disinhibited problems on syndrome scales; depressive, somatic, and psychotic problems on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders scales; and adjustment problems in relationship satisfaction with spouse/partner. Maternal hypertension without proteinuria was not consistently associated with adjustment and problems (total problems, aOR 1.08, 95%CI 0.75-1.57; critical items, aOR 1.58, 95%CI 0.91-2.72).

Conclusions: Maternal hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, during a period of expectant treatment, carry an increased risk of problems in adaptive functioning and mental wellbeing in the offspring seven decades later. Being the longest follow-up on transgenerational consequences of maternal hypertensive disorders reported thus far, our study points to the life-time increased risk of an adverse intrauterine environment.

JulkaisuBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 marrask. 2014
Julkaistu ulkoisestiKyllä
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • !Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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