Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) are widely used to assess the electrophysiology of human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPS-CMs). Traditionally, MEAs have been used to record data at the cell population level, but it would be beneficial to be able to analyze also at the single-cell level using MEAs. To realize this, we present a special MEA platform for recording field potential from single beating cardiomyocytes. The size and location of transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes have been optimized to make noninvasive studies of the electrophysiological activity of cardiomyocytes at the single-cell level possible and also to enable simultaneous video imaging through transparent electrodes and thus image-based analysis of the mechanical beating behavior of the same cardiomyocytes. Because of these characteristics, this novel platform provides a powerful tool for assessing the functionality of cardiomyocytes in basic cardiac research, disease modeling, as well as drug development and toxicology.
- Jufo-taso 1