Nematicons and Their Electro-Optic Control: Light Localization and Signal Readdressing via Reorientation in Liquid Crystals

Armando Piccardi, Alessandro Alberucci, Gaetano Assanto

    Tutkimustuotos: KirjallisuusarvosteluScientificvertaisarvioitu

    3 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

    Abstrakti

    Liquid crystals in the nematic phase exhibit substantial reorientation when the molecules are driven by electric fields of any frequencies. Exploiting such a response at optical frequencies, self-focusing supports transverse localization of light and the propagation of self-confined beams and waveguides, namely nematicons. Nematicons can guide other light signals and interact with inhomogeneities and other beams. Moreover, they can be effectively deviated by using the electro-optic response of the medium, leading to several strategies for voltage-controlled reconfiguration of light-induced guided-wave circuits and signal readdressing. Hereby, we outline the main features of nematicons and review the outstanding progress achieved in the last twelve years on beam self-trapping and electro-optic readdressing.

    AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
    Sivut19932-19950
    Sivumäärä19
    JulkaisuInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
    Vuosikerta14
    Numero10
    DOI - pysyväislinkit
    TilaJulkaistu - lokak. 2013
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

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