The optical performance of a multilayer antireflective coating incorporating lithography-free nanostructured alumina is assessed. To this end, the performance of single-junction GaInP solar cells and four-junction GaInP/GaAs/GaInNAsSb/GaInNAsSb multijunction solar cells incorporating the nanostructured alumina is compared against the performance of similar solar cells using conventional double-layer antireflective coating. External quantum efficiency measurements for GaInP solar cells with the nanostructured coating demonstrate angle-independent operation, showing only a marginal difference at 60° incident angle. The average reflectance of the nanostructured antireflective coating is 3 percentage points smaller than the reflectance of the double-layer antireflective coating within the operation bandwidth of the GaInP solar cell (280-710 nm), which is equivalent of 0.2 mA/cm2 higher current density at AM1.5D (1000 W/m2). When used in conjunction with the four-junction solar cell, the nanostructured coating provides 0.8 percentage points lower average reflectance over the operation bandwidth from 280 to 1380 nm. However, it is noted that only the reflectance of the bottom GaInNAsSb junction is improved in comparison to the planar coating. In this respect, since in such solar cells the bottom junction typically is limiting the operation, the nanostructured coating would enable increasing the current density 0.6 mA/cm2 in comparison to the standard two-layer coating. The light-biased current-voltage measurements show that the fabrication process for the nanostructured coating does not induce notable recombination or loss mechanisms compared to the established deposition methods. Angle-dependent external quantum efficiency measurements incline that the nanostructured coating excels in oblique angles, and due to low reflectance at a 1000-1800 nm wavelength range, it is very promising for next-generation broadband multijunction solar cells with four or more junctions.
- Jufo-taso 1
!!ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry