Pregnancy and delivery after spine fracture or surgery: A nationwide population-based register study in Finland

Matias Vaajala, Ilari Kuitunen, Lauri Nyrhi, Ville Ponkilainen, Maiju Kekki, Tuomas Huttunen, Heikki Mäntymäki, Ville Mattila

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

BACKGROUND: The incidences of spine fractures and fusion surgeries have increased. A few studies have reported an increased rate of caesarean sections (CS) in women who have undergone spine surgery but have not reported on the health of neonates.

OBJECTIVE: We report the incidence of spine fractures, spine fracture surgeries and fusion surgery for other reasons and the effect of these injuries and procedures on later pregnancy outcomes in Finland.

METHODS: Data on all fertile-aged women (1998-2018) who had undergone spine fracture or spine fusion surgery were retrieved from the Care Register for Healthcare and combined with data from the National Medical Birth Register. Women with spine fracture or spine surgery before pregnancy were compared with women without previous spine fracture or surgery. We calculated incidences of spine fracture, spine fracture surgery and fusion surgery for other reasons with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate CS and neonatal health. Results are reported as adjusted odds ratios (AOR).

RESULTS: The main finding of our study was the increasing incidence (156%) of spine fusion surgeries for other reasons in fertile-aged women. A total CS rate (including elective and unplanned CS) in the spine fracture group was 19.7% (AOR 1.26, CI 1.17-1.34), in fusion surgery for other reasons group 25.3% (AOR 1.37, CI 1.30-1.49) and 15.9% in the control group. The rate for neonates requiring intensive care in the spine fracture group was 12.2% (AOR 1.18, CI 1.08-1.29), in fusion surgery for other reasons group 13.6% (AOR 1.12, CI 1.02-1.23) and 10.0% in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of fusion surgery for other reasons increased during our study period. The rate of CS was higher in women with preceding spine fracture or fusion surgery. Our results suggest that vaginal delivery after fractures of the spine is both possible and safe for mother and neonate.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkelie0272579
Sivumäärä11
JulkaisuPLOS ONE
Vuosikerta17
Numero8
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 5 elok. 2022
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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