Supporting Eyes-Free Human–Computer Interaction with Vibrotactile Haptification

Tutkimustuotos: VäitöskirjaCollection of Articles


The sense of touch is a crucial sense when using our hands in complex tasks. Some tasks we learn to do even without sight by just using the sense of touch in our fingers and hands. Modern touchscreen devices, however, have lost some of that tactile feeling while removing physical controls from the interaction. Touch is also a sense that is underutilized in interactions with technology and could provide new ways of interaction to support users. While users are using information technology in certain situations, they cannot visually and mentally focus completely during the interaction. Humans can utilize their sense of touch more comprehensively in interactions and learn to understand tactile information while interacting with information technology. This thesis introduces a set of experiments that evaluate human capabilities to understand and notice tactile information provided by current actuator technology and further introduces a couple of examples of haptic user interfaces (HUIs) to use under eyes-free use scenarios. These experiments evaluate the benefits of such interfaces for users and concludes with some guidelines and methods for how to create this kind of user interfaces. The experiments in this thesis can be divided into three groups. In the first group, with the first two experiments, the detection of vibrotactile stimuli and interpretation of the abstract meaning of vibrotactile feedback was evaluated. Experiments in the second group evaluated how to design rhythmic vibrotactile tactons to be basic vibrotactile primitives for HUIs. The last group of two experiments evaluated how these HUIs benefit the users in the distracted and eyes-free interaction scenarios. The primary aim for this series of experiments was to evaluate if utilizing the current level of actuation technology could be used more comprehensively than in current-day solutions with simple haptic alerts and notifications. Thus, to find out if the comprehensive use of vibrotactile feedback in interactions would provide additional benefits for the users, compared to the current level of haptic interaction methods and nonhaptic interaction methods. The main finding of this research is that while using more comprehensive HUIs in eyes-free distracted-use scenarios, such as while driving a car, the user’s main task, driving, is performed better. Furthermore, users liked the comprehensively haptified user interfaces.
KustantajaTampere University
ISBN (elektroninen)978-952-03-1802-4
ISBN (painettu)978-952-03-1801-7
TilaJulkaistu - 18 jouluk. 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Artikkeliväitöskirja


NimiDissertations in Interactive Technology
ISSN (painettu)1795-9489


  • Ihmisen ja tietokoneen vuorovaikutus
  • Käyttöliittymät
  • Vuorovaikutus
  • Tuntopalaute käyttöliittymät
  • Värinätuntopalaute
  • Tuntopalaute
  • Ajava käyttäjä
  • Liikkuva käyttäjä
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