Bioactive glasses (BGs) are characterized by high biocompatibility and bioactivity and are particularly promising for bone tissue regeneration. Once implanted, the BGs interact with the environment and adsorb chemical moieties and biomolecules. Proteins in body fluids are critical for the success of implants, because the adsorption of specific proteins can either promote or inhibit the adhesion of surrounding tissue or other factors such as bacteria. Controlling protein adsorption by tailoring the surface properties of implanted biomaterials is fundamental. This can determine the fate of the implant. In the current study, four BG compositions (two silicates, one borosilicate, and one phosphate glass) and three model proteins (fibronectin, chimeric avidin, and streptavidin) were considered. Each BG was surface pretreated, and the adsorption of fluorescently labeled fibronectin, chimeric avidin, or streptavidin was monitored. Untreated surfaces were used as controls. The amount and spatial distribution of each protein were estimated by confocal microscopy in fluorescence modality, followed by protein clustering analysis. Although streptavidin was not adsorbed efficiently on any of the considered substrates, BGs were successfully coated with fibronectin and chimeric avidin. Both proteins showed different affinities and surface distributions as functions of the implemented pretreatment on each substrate.
- Jufo-taso 1
!!ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry