In this paper, we study the use of soft labels to train a system for sound event detection (SED). Soft labels can result from annotations which account for human uncertainty about categories, or emerge as a natural representation of multiple opinions in annotation. Converting annotations to hard labels results in unambiguous categories for training, at the cost of losing the details about the labels distribution. This work investigates how soft labels can be used, and what benefits they bring in training a SED system. The results show that the system is capable of learning information about the activity of the sounds which is reflected in the soft labels and is able to detect sounds that are missed in the typical binary target training setup. We also release a new dataset produced through crowdsourcing, containing temporally strong labels for sound events in real-life recordings, with both soft and hard labels.
|Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
|IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
|4/06/23 → 10/06/23